Breast cancer is one of the most common and leading type of cancers in the world that affects one in eight women during their lives. Both men and women are affected by this cancer but number of cases in men is quite rare. It usually forms in breast tissues in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules. It has devastating effects on the lives of women and one of the leading death cancers among all other types.
Risks Associated with Breast Cancer
There are number of risks that lead to the breast cancer but there are three major factors; age, genes and personal factors. Older women have more chances of breast cancer than younger ones. Similarly BRCA1 and BRCA2 both genes highly increase the risks in women having family history with diagnosed breast cancer. Other personal factors like beginning periods before age 12 or going through menopause after age 55 also increase the risk of this cancer type. Other risks may include alcohol addiction, overweight, taking birth control pills and use of hormonal replacement therapies.
Generally, it is believed that there are no common symptoms of breast cancer but you can determine it by self-examine a lump in the breast, a change in size or shape of the breast or discharge from a nipple or abnormal mammogram. Others symptoms include swelling, dimpling, redness, or soreness of skin or breasts. If you feel such type of changes in your breast, then you must consult with your physician for better guidance and cure.
Common Types of Breast Cancer
There are countless kinds of breast cancer found now a days and each type has its own symptoms and cure methodology depending upon the condition of patients. Some of common types may include Lobular Carcinoma in Situ (LCIS), Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS), Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) and Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC).
Diagnosis and Tests
Breast cancer can be best diagnosed by mammography and screening tests. You can also examine it by self-analysis procedures. Several campaigns have started to arouse the public awareness about this devastating cancer and valuable information is shared with people how to diagnose a breast cancer at early stages.
Treatment and Care
Like any other cancer types, breast cancer has several effective treatment therapies that guarantee success with complete satisfaction. These treatment therapies include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, Hormone therapy, lumpectomy, mastectomy, Clinical trials, Targeted therapy and other risk-reducing surgeries during treatment. Treatment procedure is selected according to the case history of each patient.
From last two decades, an increased number of breast cancer cases threatened women across the globe. The death rate from this cancer got second place after lung cancer in United States but now the situation is quite better. American Cancer society and other organizations are actively working to control breast cancer and awareness campaigns have been cited in all over the world for this purpose. This movement has successfully achieved its goals as the number of registered cases of breast cancer is less than those registered in the past.